After a baby’s first birthday, the rate at which they grow begins to slow. By 1, your baby is officially a toddler. Toddlers are more active, curious and expressive. Your toddler may begin to use words, be able to stand on his or her own and take a few steps. Read books to your child, encourage active play, and reward them for good behavior.

What your toddler is learning now

While toddlers may progress at different rates, the following are some of the common milestones your toddler may reach in this age group:

  • May start to use words
  • May be shy around strangers
  • Points to objects
  • Turns pages in a book
  • Likes to push, pull and dump things
  • Stacks two blocks
  • Hands objects to others
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Crawls well
  • Stands alone, sits down
  • May take steps alone

What your toddler is learning next

  • Uses single words
  • Points to pictures in books
  • Scribbles with large crayons (with supervision)
  • Hides and finds objects
  • Notices other children
  • Plays with blocks and puzzles
  • Walks
  • Climbs into a chair

What you can do to encourage your toddler’s development

  • Read books together — let your child turn pages and point to pictures.
  • Name objects you see.
  • Talk with your child about everyday things.
  • Play with your child on the floor.
  • Set clear rules and be consistent.
  • Make time for active play.
  • Praise your child for good behavior.
  • Demonstrate respectful interactions for your toddler to emulate.

Games and activities

  • Shape sorters
  • Nesting blocks and cups
  • Riding toys (pushing off with feet)
  • Small blocks for stacking
  • Push-and-pull toys
  • Board books
  • Pop-up boxes
  • Activity boxes
  • Balls
  • Stacking rings

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